Choice Theory, developed by Dr. William Glasser, is the explanation of As Dr. Glasser explains in the most recent of his widely read books, Choice Theory, all. Therapy” represent the life's work of the late psychiatrist and author. William Glasser. Choice Theory rests on the belief that all human behavior. Introduction to Choice Theory: Teaching Students. Responsible Behavior. A Distance Learning Graduate Course. Based on the Work of Dr. William Glasser.
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→ Degree in Chemical Engineering. – → Master's Degree in Clinical Psychology. – → Established Educator's Training. Center to create a model. Reality Therapy is an approach to counselling developed by Dr William Glasser in the. United States in the s and s. Choice Theory explains why. What is Choice Theory? ▫ Theory developed by William Glasser, M.D., that is put into practice via. Reality Therapy. ▫ Belief that unsatisfactory or non-existent.
Here are some possibilities good and bad, satisfying and unsatisfying, from the perspective of Reality Therapy and Choice Theory: 1. Keep the conflict going. One way is to keep the conflict going for a long time. This could include fighting, threatening, coaxing, sulking resenting, depressing getting depressed , getting sick or drinking to name but a few. This may be ineffective and painful and could destroy the relationship.
Turn it over to time. In other words, postpone a decision and get on with doing things which both find meet their needs. The things which meet their needs may not be the same for each of them — what matters is that each can put his or her energies into satisfying activities in which they are not in conflict, while postponing a decision on the major conflict. Perhaps Mary wants to do an evening course which will take three months.
Perhaps John wants to join a health club and get into shape. The world never stands still and something may happen in the meantime to resolve the situation that they are most in conflict about — which city to live in. Try it and see. A third approach is to agree to try one solution for a time and then to assess whether it is acceptable to both parties. So John might agree that they will live in Dublin for four months and then look at the situation again.
This approach is common in industrial relations — usually where the union agrees to try out a new work arrangement and the management agrees to a joint review after six months or a year. Grieving over someone who has died or over a relationship which has irrevocably ended or over a situation which has changed for the worse perhaps children grieving because their parents have split up is an example of a true conflict.
There is a conflict between wanting the old situation and having to live in the new. There is no immediate solution which will resolve the conflict in a satisfactory way.
Only time, and doing other things which are satisfying, will heal the grief. False Conflicts There is no true conflict between maintaining my weight at its present level and eating all I like — so long as I am willing to run many miles a day. There is no true conflict between working and studying for a degree — so long as I am prepared to spend my evenings studying and my money on fees instead of other things.
If there is a single behaviour which would resolve it, then the conflict is a false conflict. Perhaps we stay because we are afraid of failure if we try to go it alone, or for the sake of someone else caught in the same bad relationship or because we need the money to educate our children. So there are good and bad reasons for staying in a false conflict. Good reasons often reflect our values: doing our best for our children, for instance.
Bad reasons may have to do with fear, a poor self-image or a habit of blaming the rest of the world for our problems. Choice Theory, Reality Therapy and Depression In Reality Therapy and Choice Theory, depression is seen as a way of dealing with the gulf between what we have and what we want.
Because depression is seen in this way, Choice Theory always holds out the possibility of overcoming depression. And, as is clear below, Choice Theory does not see depression as being bad all the time. Sometimes it is better than the alternatives — what is important is not to trap ourselves in depression.
What is more important is to know that the path out of depression begins with changing what we want or changing how we behave. Depression can do four things for us and knowing what these are can help us to begin the climb out into the light.
These four things can be thought of under the letters ACHE. A for Anger Depression is often considered an alternative to anger and sometimes it can be better to choose depression than anger.
If you make a habit of lashing out when anything goes wrong, you can alienate other people and often make matters worse. Consider how many relationships anger has destroyed. Consider how many lives anger has destroyed. Anger has its place, and it often gives us the energy for change, or the energy to stand up for ourselves. But it can be destructive too. Depression can be a safe, temporary alternative to anger. It becomes unsafe when it goes on for too long.
C for Control Depression gives us a certain amount of control over people and situations. It may help us to avoid taking risks, to stay in a safe environment.
To a certain extent, people will try to avoid upsetting us when we are depressed. If we are absolutely devastated by something that has happened, depression may give us the only control over our lives that we can handle at the time. The price for this control, however, can be high because of the suffering that comes with depression. By definition, nobody enjoys depression — if we did, it would not be depression.
H for Help Depression brings us a certain amount of help. This may be help from friends, from a doctor or from an institution. Some people need this help for a time. Again, if it goes on too long people may stop helping us and in any event depression is a high price to pay for the help we get. Depression can get us help without us having to ask for it. E for Excuse Depression can excuse us for not doing what we should do.
It can be a way of avoiding pain.
If I am depressed, how can I be expected to get out and about, dress well, work, face my problems etc? Yet, very often, it is only by doing these things — even, at an extreme, by doing something, anything at all — that I can start to climb out of a depression. So if I am depressed Choice Theory would say that I can begin to climb out of the depression by taking action.
I have no direct control over the feeling of depression.
I may, if I am in the depths of depression, have little or no control over my thoughts. All I can control is what I do. Maybe all I can do is get out of bed and sit by the window, or get out of bed and go downstairs and that may be enough to start getting the depression to lift. When I can do a little more, I should try to do something more.
Ideally I should focus on small things that I want and that I can get.
I may also need to change what I want — in this case to accept that my children will never return to live with me. Is this easy? Our feelings, thoughts and actions are linked but sometimes we have to do something for quite a long time before our feelings follow and become positive.
Medication and Depression Dr William Glasser, who developed Reality Therapy, has a great deal to say about medication in his books. He has the qualifications to discuss medication. The need to survive: The need to belong: Feeling accepted , Social Connection and loved by others 3. The need to gain power: The need to be free: The need to have fun: Choice Theory states that, with these ever present needs, students and teachers go about the work of living 4.
The Ten Axioms of Choice Theory 1. The only person whose behavior we can control is our own. All we can give another person is information.
All long-lasting psychological problems are relationship problems. The problem relationship is always part of our present life. What happened in the past has everything to do with what we are today, but we can only satisfy our basic needs right now and plan to continue satisfying them in the future. We can only satisfy our needs by satisfying the pictures in our Quality World. All we do is behave. All behavior is Total Behavior and is made up of four components: All Total Behavior is chosen, but we only have direct control over the acting and thinking components.
We can only control our feeling and physiology indirectly through how we choose to act and think. All Total Behavior is designated by verbs and named by the part that is the most recognizable. January Reflecting on 'Reflective Practice'. Photo courtesy - http: When a reflective-reflexive practitioner apply those principles to their learning they: They become independent learners. Not easily controlled by anyone or any situation.
Realize that cultural practices does not have to affect their behavior. They are able to manage their time wisely.
Reflect on their behavior and make adjustments accordingly. Works well with others, considering everyone as their own individual and cannot be controlled. Build and maintain relationships with others. Make intelligent decisions about their learning Able to improve their Quality World picture how we want our lives to be Have the ability to do what is necessary to satisfy their basic needs.
Are able to change the doing component of their behavior. Have direct control over thoughts. Both therapies have been applied across diverse contexts, from individual counselling to group work Barrett-Lennard, and educational environments Glasser, , and together serve to illustrate two examples of the alternative constructions of the individual, and the causes and treatment of mental disorder that have developed through psychotherapeutic practice.
The Ways Paradigm catalogues the significant differences between counselling approaches by comparing their application as a way of being in the interpersonal dynamic, their theoretical understanding of psychopathology and mental functioning, and their techniques of intervening in the counselling relationship.
However, the PCC approach was amongst the first to abandon psychodynamic efforts to riddle out the unconscious conflicts and developmental dysfunction underlying mental illness.
For person centred therapists, the relationship between client and counsellor — rather than the theoretical or methodological approach of the practitioner — determines the success or failure of psychotherapy. Person centred therapeutic approaches are widely used in the treatment of anxiety, substance abuse, depression, personality disorders etc Corey, As an exemplar of the warm, non- directive therapeutic relationship, the person centred approach has influenced the practice of many therapists outside its theoretical emphasis for example in Relational Gestalt Therapy Corey, Rogers was raised by strict, conservative Christians in the American Midwest.
The family were so emotionally repressive and controlling that Rogers and two of his siblings developed ulcers in adolescence Cohen, Academically gifted though socially isolated, his childhood interest in entomology developed into a fascination with scientific agriculture which informed his later psychological research.
Rogers studied agriculture, history, Christian ministry and finally psychology. Student experiences with group discussion and travel to China broadened his appreciation for diverse viewpoints. Rogers developed a popular personality test for children, and went on to work in child counselling and research. Rogers established a democratically organised counselling centre at the University of Chicago, publishing books that crystallised PCC and carrying out research in to the efficacy of psychotherapy.
Towards the end of his life Rogers gained a renewed interest in spirituality and travelled globally to facilitate and teach conflict resolution Thorne, Rogers originated the term counselling in order to avoid conflicts with the American psychiatric establishment over the treatment of psychological distress by unlicensed practitioners Thorne, Person Centred Counselling as a Way of Understanding PCC is a humanist perspective that presents an essentially positive view of human nature Kirschenbaum, This created an external locus of evaluation that damaged self worth and led to psychological problems.
To Rogers therapy was a learning process. One in which the client moved toward an internal locus of control and more mature behaviours that accorded with the reality principle, responsibility and openness to experience Thorne, It is also a philosophical framework tying together physiological, affective and cognitive function as well as action, under the rubric of total behaviour.
Control Theory later renamed Choice Theory was developed by Glasser as a theoretical framework for understanding the person, underlying the interventions of Reality Therapy Glasser, The theory represents an alternative construal of the person as an intentional actor who cannot be directly controlled, rather than as a set of stimulus responses or socially learned scripts and roles Glasser, Reality Therapy Glasser, attempts to treat unhappiness and psychological disorder through teaching clients to meet fundamental needs for survival, love and belonging, fun, power and freedom Glasser, Needs that can only be met through relationships with happy sociable people Glasser, For Glasser, need strength profiles underlie personality differences, and their complementarity is an important determinant of relationship success Glasser, The reality therapist aims to maintain a positive, non-judgemental, enthusiastic frame, using humour, warmth and counselling microskills Glasser, to convey care for and interest in their client Corey, This approach can be taken to an individual issue or relationship, and is non-prescriptive in its order and specifics.